How often? Information about the Roman Legions of the Imperial Period. I think that a interesting point. Side Score: 35. The epithet Italica is a reference to the Italian origin of its first recruits. I am not sure if I would say that the Romans were more maneuverable per se as we dont really have any examples of Roman legionnaires simply running around phalangites however they … If when they actually clashed then the Roman military system was superior and they had far more manpower than the divided Greek and Macedonian Successor States. The Romans, however, pioneered small-unit tactics, and organized their armies into smaller formations capable of acting independently of the rest of the army. Equites and velites are both part of the Roman legion. What time did Rome control the center? Find evidence to support the idea that the Romans were open to the influence of foreign cultures. In the early Roman Kingdom legion may have meant the entire Roman army, but sources on this period are few and unreliable. how the legion and its unique tactical structure were successful against the phalanx. en Some of the commands surely date back to Roman legions and were then in use. See Chart at School. Previous question Next question Transcribed Image Text from this Question. With the next four the tribunes of the third legion have the first choice, those of the second the last; and so on in regular rotation: of which the result is that each legion gets men of much the same standard. 290 BC. Peloponnesian War. PLAY. The adopted Greek heroes and legends as their own. The term legion also denotes the military system by which imperial Rome conquered and ruled the ancient world. We do have, however, "Strategikon", whose author may be the Byzantine emperor - Maurice. The Government of the Roman Republic had how many consuls? Legion vs phalanx is the worst descriptor. Small Farms were replaced by large estates called latifundias. Mind you, I was aware that I would learn a lot about the Hellenistic phalanx and the Roman legion. It is generally perceived that with the later Battle of Pydna, this defeat demonstrated the superiority of the Roman legion over the Macedonian phalanx. STUDY. This made the the legions extremely versatile in battle when compared to the phalanx. Phyrrus) What I'm trying to say is that, back in 400 BC Spartans could crash a Roman army.100-150 years later though they would propably crashed.

From the time of Ancient Sumeria, the heavy infantry phalanx dominated the battlefield. What were the advantages of a legion compared to a phalanx? In the time of the Early Roman Empire, there were usually about 25–35 permanent standing legions.A legion consisted of several cohorts of heavy infantry known as legionaries. WAB Macedonian Phalanx vs. Roman Legion. The term legion also denotes the military system by which imperial Rome conquered and ruled the ancient world. In the foreground, a maniple has exploited a gap in the arrayed pikes of the white shield phalanx. What time did Rome rule the whole peninsula? The Roman legion only narrowly defeated the Greek phalanx. Spartan Hoplite. Compared to the tightly packed spearmen of the phalanx, the Roman heavy infantry, through their training and discipline, and operating in conjunction with light foot and cavalry, could quickly adopt a number of methods and formations depending on the situation. The Roman Phalanx – Roman hoplite (on right) fighting against the Etruscan warriors. Viewers discretion is advised! Compared to the tightly packed spearmen of the phalanx, the Roman heavy infantry, through their training and discipline, and operating in conjunction with light foot and cavalry, could quickly adopt a number of methods and formations depending on the situation. It was cut off from other lands by sea and mountains. They had to be in the army from 20-25 years. But I didn't know I'd learn so much. The Roman manipular legion and the Macedonian phalanx were each pivotal factors in the successes of their states, but was one formation actually better than the other? Furthermore, by the time Rome faced Macedon the Macedonian army had become a 1 trick pony; gone were the days of Philip & Alexander's combined … BRING IT HOME!! What were the advantages of a legion compared to a phalanx? The titanic struggle between Rome and Carthage had prevented the Roman's from pursuing a policy of all out war against the Greeks. Legion versus Phalanx: The Epic Struggle for Infantry Supremacy in the Ancient World by Myke Cole. Less Suited To Mountain Terrain. There were trading ports along the river. far more likely to reverence the gods. Why did they abandon they Phalanx ? That’s because it was a specialist formation. The Roman/Italian military alliance had fully evolved by 264 BC and remained for 200 years the basis of Roman military organisation. Velites, Princepes, hestati, and trairii. Less Easily Maneuvered. A military group (5,000 soldiers) What is the equivalence of a legionary? Veto say no to. The legions no longer protected the Roman frontier as they turned to looting the wealthy provinces of Italy and Greece. Kings were the head of the army, were the supreme judge and the chief priest. gauls. Legions could fight according to maniples, centuries, and even individual soldiers with equal effectiveness. According to Cicero, Romans, compared to other peoples were. faster, smaller than the Greek phalanx. The 6000 Roman citizens of the legion fought as a phalanx of hoplites, a tactic that was widely used in Greece and Etruria. a war between the city-states Sparta and Athens in 431 B.C. Legio I Italica ("First Italian Legion") was a legion of the Imperial Roman army founded by emperor Nero on September 22, 66 (the date is attested by an inscription). When the next four are selected the tribunes of the second legion have the first choice, and those of the first the last. Source: WeaponsandWarfare. A Roman legion (from Latin legio "military levy, conscription", from legere "to choose") normally indicates the basic ancient Roman army unit recruited specifically from Roman citizens. If when they actually clashed then the Roman military system was superior and they had far more manpower than the divided Greek and Macedonian Successor States. Makes sense since the phalanx was only one part of the Hellenic Army, often not the main effort. Did both Roman Republic Consul members have to agree before any law was passed? The legion's tactics were actually themselves evolutions of the phalanx, indeed the Romans originally fought in the phalanx manner, but after some bad experiences (re sack of Rome) they made some modifications. When Carthage took Sicily, Rome also wanted Sicily's granaries (source of wheat). I particularly enjoyed how Cole went beyond just the warfare elements. Their uniquely large scuta, as the Romans’ shields were called, allowed them to present a 360-degree wall of wood to opponents. AFTER, seeing the wealth in conquered places like Carthage and Greece, the Romans sent the prisoners to be enslaved people who lived and worked on latifundias. Show transcribed image text. Here is the post by Bares laying out the cases of phalanx vs legion. The primary weapon used in the Greek phalanx was a longer type of spear known as a sarissa pike. Houston. The Greeks used armies of massed infantry standing very close together, all joined as one giant unit. What time did Rome rule the whole Mediterranean? The two terms aren’t exactly comparable. Show transcribed image text. And quite unsurprisingly, the Roman military system of this time was inspired by its more-advanced neighbor (and enemy) – the Etruscans. the leader of Carthage who led elephants into Italy. wars between Greece and the Persian Empire which began in Ionia on the coast of Anatolia. Some Greeks were … Each consul of the Roman Republic had the power to _____ or _____ _____ _____ the acts of the other. 5. They paid for the contracts and then they would collect taxes from the conquered people. Rarely Successful. #WolfAndKaisaYou´ve never seen a Rome II battle like this!! A legion was about 5,000 men in several cohorts of heavy infantry (legionaries). The Romans sent the wagons against them, with some initial success. What are the 4 units in the legion ? After the fall of mighty Carthage in the Second Punic War (202 BC) Rome began to prepare for the invasion of Greece. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Playing straight into the phalanx preference of fighting and force it into buckling destruction. 146 BC. Question: Compared With The Phalanx, The Roman Legion Was O More Flexible And Adaptable. What you're actually comparing is Roman heavy infantry, or even better described, line infantry, so the Hastati, Principes, Triarii. Publicans were sold tax contracts. Mostly, they would just be able to outflank the spartans. decimation. There are still records of the I Italica on the Danube border at the beginning of the 5th century. They weren't quick enough when they got ambush by the gaul. The Roman empire developed much later than the Greek empire thus the Romans copied almost everything that the Greeks had developed over time, such as art, literature and Gods. A Roman legion was more flexible, because it had manacles that could split up and form shapes to trap the enemy. The Romans identified their gods with those of the Greeks. Armed with spears or pikes, standing shoulder to shoulder with shields interlocking, the men of the phalanx presented an impenetrable wall of wood and metal to the enemy. foreigners serving in a Roman legion. Some descriptions of the testudo discriminate betw… The phalanx describes a tactical formation of soldiers whereas a Roman legion is more of an administrative unit, roughly comparable to modern “divisions”. What where the Velites main job? Led personally by him when he was governor of Hispania Ulterior, the legion was an alternative to cavalry auxiliaries, as Julius did not trust those from the territories recently conquered. ... command compared with the Carthaginians. Early Roman soldiers hence must have looked much like Greek hoplites. Salt allowence. This assertion undoubtedly has much merit given the number of men the Romans lost during that conflict (roughly 100,000 in the first two years alone). The legion was raised by Caesar and served throughout the Gallic Campaign. Side Score: 20. The Phalanx was certainly inflexible. Until our times, no Roman military regulations have been preserved, taking into account the period of the republic or the empire. Because legions were not standing units until the Marian reforms (c. 107 BC), and were instead created, used, and disbanded again, several hundred legions were named and numbered throughout Roman history. Phalanx was unbeatable when it faces enemy. Legion, a military organization, originally the largest permanent organization in the armies of ancient Rome. Given that the legion almost consistently defeated the phalanx, Cole suggests the principal advantages the Roman military system possessed that led to this result. However the Romans did give some of their Gods different names and duties than those of the Greek Gods. The main mountains that helped to protect them were the Alps Mountains to the north, and the Tiber River, which flowed through Rome and was 15 miles from the Mediterranean Sea. Each consul of the Roman Republic had the power to ______________ or __________ ______ _____ the acts of the other. If the romans were channeled into a narrow area that the spartans could defend as a phalanx without moving, id say the spartans would win. YES. Start studying Ancient Rome. The legions stopped using the traditional phalanx formation that was developed by Greek warriors and instead began to fight with more open lines and swords instead of spears. READ MORE: Roman Kings, a complete list of the 7 early rulers. peasants forced to stay on the land they worked. I'm going to play the devils advocate on this one, because I think most people are going to support the Spartans. The backbone of the 15,000-men-strong Roman army was the legion. Their weapons were the thrusting spear and the sword. Rome's disposal of sewage was . From the time of Ancient Sumeria, the heavy infantry phalanx dominated the battlefield. PLAY. Phyrrus) What I'm trying to say is that, back in 400 BC Spartans could crash a Roman army.100-150 years later though they would propably crashed. The Macedonian phalanx and the Roman legion are perhaps the most famous tactical formations in antiquity. The Romans never trained troops in that fashion and as far as I know, never had auxiliaries fight like that. What advantages did the Tiber River provide? PHALANX vs LEGION . Two distract heavier units. It needed better drill, a better command structure and better individual training and discipline to stand against other organised heavy infantry. STUDY. Expert Answer . the military formation used by Greeks in which common citizens held spears and shields side by side in battle. Large warships could not travel up the shallow river. The video starts off with what can be termed as the first solid formation of the Roman army (when Rome was still a city-state kingdom). What is a legion? To date, about 50 have been identified. Roman legionaries, because they are more maneuverable. The basic structure of both the Greek Phalanx and the Roman Legion were quite different from one another. 218BC Hannibal Barca attacked Roman Army by land, Reason for most farms being destroyed during the 2nd Punic War. The Greeks used armies of massed infantry standing very close together, all joined as one giant unit. A Roman legion was the basic military unit of the ancient Roman army in the period of the late Roman Republic and the Roman Empire.It was roughly equivalent to the modern word division.In the plural, the legions, it may mean the entire Roman army. What was the publicans role in tax contracts? Or maniples. Detractors of the former point out that in many engagements between the two (such as at Pydna and Cynosephalae), the legion was the clear victor, and hence represented a superior system. B. But it’s not a flaw, just an inevitable trade-off. When? This question hasn't been answered yet Ask an expert. or it would end in a draw. 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